How To Raise Pigs – 5 Crucial Tips For Keeping Healthy Pigs
If you know how to raise pigs, you will certainly be able to make it a profitable business. Pork is a widely accepted type of meat and many food establishments and private residences will definitely purchase good quality pork meat.
Raising pigs will require more attention and capital than raising poultry or rabbits, and it is vital that you know the basics as well as the tricks of the trade. Below are the 4 important tips if you want to find out how to raise pigs right from the very beginning.
1. You can start your pig raising project by purchasing one male and two female 4 to 8 week old piglets.
Each piglet will be approximately 20 to 50 pounds heavy and would roughly be 35 USD each. You can raise them to start breeding or simply for butchering, and they would be ready for that once they reach around 200 pounds.
Know which breed can provide you with the best meat; and you can hone your eye for that by visiting local fairs and livestock shows. You can listen and observe carefully as expert hog raisers and judges decide on how and why they select certain breeds to be labelled as prime quality. The ideal time to purchase your first pigs would be at the start of the garden growing season in order to provide your pigs with fresh supplies of feeds as their bodies develop and grow.
2. Those who are aware of how to raise pigs in an organic farm enjoy and produce better quality meat, so if you have enough space for foraging, you can simply surround it with a strong and tight fence that is close to the ground and 32 inches high.
Below the fence, you will need to make a barricade to keep the pigs from digging under it to escape. You will also need to create enclosed shelters to protect your pigs from the elements. A cement shelter would suffice if you have a limited space and would want to raise fatty pigs.
Pigs need to have a means of keeping themselves cool during the summertime, so your shelter for them is ideally three-sided and well-shaded. Ideally, pigs should have a mud wallow for them to dip themselves in and keep cool. If you cannot have that then you can purchase a sprayer to lightly douse them during the daytime.
3. Those who know how to raise pigs are aware that these animals will eat almost anything, just make sure to never feed them raw meat or meat from their own kind, of course.
As a matter of fact, many states have strict policies that make it illegal for you to sell pigs which have been fed with raw meat.
For high quality pork, feed your pigs grain to give them about 25% protein. This will result in more firm and lean pork. You should also make sure that they get enough vitamins and minerals from supplements if you cannot provide enough fresh produce for them to get these nutrients from.
4. One crucial but often overlooked step on how to raise pigs is how to manage their manure.
Keep in mind that raising pigs can also be beneficial to a garden, for pig manure can certainly provide nutritious fertilizer if mixed in with garden soil. On average, a small pig farm can supply approximately 2 pounds of manure per pig in a day. In order to help minimize the stench of pig manure, purchase or make net sacks and fill them with coal. You can hang these around the fence as coal is known to help absorb strong smells.
5. While pigs are known to be quite sturdy animals, they are also susceptible to disease.
Consult a veterinarian regarding the proper vaccinations to prevent infection of common diseases. You should also be prepared to deworm them every month or so, especially since pigs love to wallow in dirt and their own manure. Lastly, protect them from lice and other such parasites by spraying insecticides in their living areas, with the pigs safely placed in another area temporarily, of course.
These tips on how to raise pigs can provide to you with a general overview of how to take care of them, but the best way for you to know more is to visit a local pig farm and observe how this is done in real-time.
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